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The global shipping industry sustained a second cyberattack within a week that’s raising concern about disruptions to supply chains already straining to move goods heading into the usual peak season for consumer demand.
The International Maritime Organization, a United Nations agency that serves as the industry’s regulatory body, said in a statement Oct. 1 it has suffered “a sophisticated cyberattack against the organization’s IT systems.” A number of IMO web-based services are currently unavailable, and the breach is affecting its public website and internal systems, it said.
That attack followed the disclosure earlier this week by closely held CMA CGM SA, the world’s fourth-biggest container liner by capacity, that its information systems were compromised. The Marseille, France-based company said Oct. 1 that offices are “gradually being reconnected to the network, thus improving the bookings’ and documentation’s processing times.”
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“We suspect a data breach and are doing everything possible to assess its potential volume and nature,” the company said in an emailed statement. CMA CGM is among the world’s five leading container liners that account for 65% of global capacity, according to Alphaliner data. The company ranks No. 7 on the Transport Topics Top 50 list of the largest global freight carriers.
A rash of cyber incidents has afflicted the shipping industry in recent years, the biggest of which was an intrusion that cost Copenhagen-based A.P. Moller-Maersk A/S about $300 million in 2017. The Maersk Group ranks No. 4 on the Top 50 global freight carriers list.
While it’s too soon to say whether the recent attacks will prove to be a brief irritant for global trade or a trigger of wider damage, logistics experts such as Bloomberg Intelligence’s Lee Klaskow say the cyberthreats are a “near-term headwind and headache for sure.”
The timing of the latest acts of cyberpiracy is particularly bad for shipping liners that are still waiting to see some normalcy restored to their seasonal cycles.
The pandemic threw supply chains out of sync for everything from paper towels and face masks to trampolines and computer monitors, as consumers were forced to work from home and purchase necessities online.
The demand on shippers, which reduced capacity initially in anticipation of deep recessions caused by COVID-19 lockdowns, hasn’t really abated because e-commerce purchases have stayed strong and companies are restocking inventories.
As a result, the benchmark cost to move cargo containers across the Pacific has tripled since the start of the year.
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